Just in case you are reading this without really a firm grasp on the idea of a felony or maybe vaguely knows what a felony is, then we are coming right into your service. No need to thank us. We are just doing what we told you we will do.
A felony typically means a graver crime. This is a category of crime that covers a wide array of serious criminal acts under state laws, as well as the federal criminal justice system. By serious, we meant really really serious crimes. We are talking about murder, rape, and arson. All of these are considered felonies. In addition to that, armed robbery, treason, and even grand theft are also part of this category.
During the olden days, they defined a felony as crimes that involve moral aptitude. In simpler terms, these are heinous crimes against the moral laws that were established by the society. Obviously, we are far away from that kind of thinking. Nowadays, we no longer call anybody a felon for just doing something we think is immoral, gruesome, or brutal. If so, then all of us would be considered felons.
Rather than that, a felony is now categorized as any crime that would warrant or had warrant at least a year behind bars. If you have been convicted of a crime and was sent to jail for just less than a year, then you did not really commit a felony. You have only committed a misdemeanor.
On the other hand, there are also some special cases existing. These crimes can either be listed down as felony or misdemeanor. Let us use California as an example. In California, these kinds of crimes are referred to as “wobblers.” There are actually a lot of crimes listed down under these categories. We will not be listing them all down since that’s a bit counterproductive.
On the other hand, a few examples of wobblers are sex crimes, types of frauds, and acts of domestic violence. It is usually up to the judge whether to declare a crime as a misdemeanor or as a felony. Although it is important to note that the judge also has the power to reduce the sentence from being a felony into a mere misdemeanor. That is kinda their own special powers.
What is a felony conviction?
Let us say that a person is being charged for committing a felony. However, that same person is also pleading innocent. In such a case, a trial will be scheduled by the court. This is just like what you have watched in films, dramas, and series.
The one being accused has a right to consult and hire an attorney to defend him, as well as the right to request for a jury trial. Just like in the movies, the trial will be held and some exchanges of arguments and evidence may ensue. Unlike in the movies, however, this could not be that action-packed. Anyway, if the accused is found guilty then that is a felony conviction. That is regardless of the accused’s plea of guilty.
Having a felony conviction is actually graver than it sounds. It has great reaching consequences in terms of the convict’s life. In fact, a lot of states prohibit a felon from owning or holding a gun, as well as being employed in the field of law, as well as other relations. Yes, this is true even if the convict has already been freed from reason.
In addition to this, there are also other restrictions that will be put on a person’s life. This includes not being permitted to get public social benefits and housing assistance, being barred from traveling abroad, voting, or even serving on a jury.
What are considered felonies?
If we are to list down each and every crime that is considered a felony, then we would be needing tens of pages. As such, we will not be doing that. Just do keep in mind that most of the crimes you hear in the news are usually all felonies. However, we would still list down at least the twenty of the most common felonies out there.
Here they are:
- drug violations
- driving while intoxicated
- property crimes like burglary or arson
- disorderly conduct
- liquor law violations
- violent crimes like murder and rape
- public drunkenness
- aggravated assault
- weapons violations
- curfew laws
- domestic violence and child abuse
- buying and receiving stolen property
- motor vehicle theft
- forgery and counterfeiting
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